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post #1 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 05:38 AM Thread Starter
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Default Router and Switch

I really wish to know the differences between a router and a switch;
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post #2 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 07:09 AM
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In wood working, a router is a device we use to carve edges or patterns in wood. A switch is either the device that turns the router off and on or a long narrow stick that corrects bad patterns of activity in children.
I am sorry, I could not resist,
Seriously, what type of router are you looking for?
It sounds like something in electronics.
This may not be the forum for this type of router or switch but we have some pretty smart guys here that probably can answer your questions.

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post #3 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 07:19 AM
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What Is a Network Switch versus a Router? Actually not a bad question, because I am sure a lot of folks don't know the difference. Basically it is switches create a network. Routers connect networks. To make it more confusing, most home routers have a switch built into them!

The drawing below highlights this best, and the article linked might give you some more insight.


Selecting a Router or Switch for a Home Network - dummies
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post #4 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 08:45 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kp91 View Post
What Is a Network Switch versus a Router? Actually not a bad question, because I am sure a lot of folks don't know the difference. Basically it is switches create a network. Routers connect networks. To make it more confusing, most home routers have a switch built into them!

The drawing below highlights this best, and the article linked might give you some more insight.


Selecting a Router or Switch for a Home Network - dummies

Good post Doug I learned something today.
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post #5 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 09:21 AM
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Routers route, and switches switch. Routers are OSI model layer 3 and switches are OSI model layer 2.
Routers route packets to outside the network. Switches switch within a network. To add some confusion some switches can route. However, let routers route and switches switch is the best recommendation from "most" any IT person.
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post #6 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 11:20 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kp91 View Post
What Is a Network Switch versus a Router? Actually not a bad question, because I am sure a lot of folks don't know the difference. Basically it is switches create a network. Routers connect networks. To make it more confusing, most home routers have a switch built into them!

The drawing below highlights this best, and the article linked might give you some more insight.


Selecting a Router or Switch for a Home Network - dummies
See, I told you there are some very smart people on this forum.
Good job Doug
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post #7 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 12:06 PM
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And just remember switches are always faster than routers so you want to use a switch when ever possible.
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post #8 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 01:09 PM
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Everyone’s pretty much covered the distinctions between a router and a switch. Another generalization that can be made is that switches connect devices (computers, TVs, tablets, other switches) on a Local Area Network (LAN) — which would be ‘local’ to your home or office; whereas a router connects to devices (modems, telecommunication’s switches, other routers) on a Wide Area Network (WAN) — which could be ‘widely’ dispersed across the city, state, country, or globe).

A typical switch for the home or small office moves data at 1Gbps (gigabit per second), some are slower and in business most are faster with ‘backbones’ capable of 10 or 100 Gbps. A typical router moves data at the rate of the plan you’ve chosen (or is available) from your Internet Service Provider (ISP); this could be anywhere from a slow connection of 1 or 2 Mbps (Megabits per second), up to 1 Gbps in a well connected city environment, most services are somewhere in between. It’s a good idea to know what you’re service plan specifies, and run an App like ‘SpeedTest’ or visit a site called ‘OpenSpeedTest’ to see that you’re actually getting what your paying for; if you’re not getting that open a ticket and find out why.

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post #9 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 02:19 PM
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Routers which we use at home are mainly just NAT devices.

The switches we use are not capable of NAT unless you work in a big IT shop.

If you owned registered IP addresses then you would be able to connect to the internet directly using a switch without a NAT device. You would probably want a firewall but it would not be necessary.

Last edited by coxhaus; 10-21-2017 at 02:23 PM.
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post #10 of 20 (permalink) Old 10-21-2017, 05:51 PM
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First thought that occurred to me was to tell him, routers shape wood, and switches turn routers on and off. I don't speak computer well.

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