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post #1 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-24-2011, 07:50 AM Thread Starter
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Default Router Speed

I have a 2.5 Hp variable speed router. What speed would I use to work on 1 inch hard woods (oak).
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post #2 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-24-2011, 09:40 AM
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It really depends on the router bit size. For your average round over bit, running it full speed will not be an issue. If you are doing a raised panel wing bit, you will need to run the router at a slow speed.
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post #3 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-24-2011, 10:22 AM
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You can google "router bit speed charts" and many recommended speed charts show up.

Generally the smaller the bit the faster you can spin, larger the bit the slower but I've found it advantageous to use these recommended max speeds as a starting point and adjusting the speed for my own feed rate and the wood being routed.

While your feed rate should be reasonable it should not be much faster or slower than your "natural" rate.

Don't try to feed faster/slower to accomodate the speed of the router, slow down/speed up the router to accomodate your feed rate. I would not, however, exceed the recommended speeds for bit size per the charts.

Your oak, for instance, might burn when using your feed rate and recommended spin, slow down the spin a little until the burning stops at your feed rate.(better for the bit, too, less heat) This assumes a fairly constant feed rate on your part, hesitations and dull bits will burn pretty much at any speed. Too slow a spin might cause more blowout/tearout, chatters and a harder feed.

As long as the spin rate produces a quality cut at your feed rate go with it.

Last edited by TomE; 02-24-2011 at 04:03 PM.
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post #4 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-24-2011, 09:42 PM
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Another worthy mention is to do light cuts instead of trying to complete the whole cut in one pass, it's much easier on the router and bit.

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post #5 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-25-2011, 07:43 AM
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It's always good to take some scrap and experiment to see what works best.


I'm not slow, I'm pacing myself!

Isaiah 44:13 Another shapes wood, he extends a measuring line, he outlines it with red chalk. He works it with planes and outlines it with a compass...

Usual kit: Table saw, band saw, dual base router and table, lathe, various saws, planer, sanders, and a multitude of hand tools.
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post #6 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-26-2011, 10:52 PM
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Default Setting Router Speeds

Originally Posted by windrider View Post
I have a 2.5 Hp variable speed router. What speed would I use to work on 1 inch hard woods (oak).
I always recommend to set the router speed at the lowest speed and to take off a small amount of wood until you start to get the "feel" of how the router, the bit and the wood are working together. By raising the speed and taking a bit more wood off, you will quickly learn what setting combinations work best.
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post #7 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-27-2011, 03:16 AM
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Recommended speeds are printed on the router cutter shanks.

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