Chevy, I have never seen any kind of chart. Perhaps the simple answer to your question is when you need a very strong joint for heavy items use pocket hole screws and Titebond III. If you wish to hide the screws they sell angled dowel inserts to glue into the holes, or you can make your own. I believe this method is what Norm used when building his new shop benches. Titebond III is rated to be stronger than polyurethane glues and much easier to use. (Their claim, not mine)
"Living in the D" (this means Detroit!)
"It's fine to disagree with other members as long as you respect their opinions"