Rail and stile setup - Router Forums
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post #1 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-07-2010, 02:03 PM Thread Starter
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Default Rail and stile setup

I have a Freud rail and stile router bit set and am having trouble setting it up. Any tips for a novice?
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post #2 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-07-2010, 02:26 PM
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Hi Bryan.
Freud makes a set-up tool for different profiles of their bits. First use your cope cutter on the ends of your rails (top & bottom horizontal parts). Then use the other bit on all four parts. This will also eliminate any chip out left from the cope operation on the ends of your rails.

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post #3 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-07-2010, 07:32 PM
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I had a door and panel set that was sat on my shelves for months, until last week I finally got to use them. The lack of instructions is frustrating, especially when you've paid a lot of money for the cutter set.
I presume you have this mounted in a router table and that its a two bit set. If you have planed the timber yourself make sure you cut back from the end of the piece where it might be thinner coming out of the planer (snipe). When you are calculating the rail length, don't forget to allow for the width of the profile.
You would want to make sure you have a few pieces of scrap the same thickness as your door frame. As jlord mentions, use the scribe cutter (set up with scrap) first on the rail ends to prevent tear out. Change bits to profile cutter and offer up a routed rail end to the bit, adjust the bit height until it corresponds with scribe - the slot cutter should line up with the stub tenon. Cut another bit of scrap and offer it up to the rail end, you might want to cramp the two pieces together to get a better idea of fit. make any further height adjustments that are necessary. Leave the stiles long and make sure you use the mitre fence to push the rail ends through to keep it all nice and straight. If you are using a solid timber panel, don't get glue on it and leave room for the panel to expand.
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post #4 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-07-2010, 08:16 PM
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Hi Bryan

Here's a tip or two..

Pop the cope bit in the router table 1st,use the bearing on the bit to line it up with the fence, once you have that done clamp a stop block behind the fence to the table top, this will save you some time for the next cut.
Once you have it set move the bit up or down so you have about 1/8" left on the stock at the bottom of the cut..
The next little trick to to use wider stock , that's say if you want to end up with 2 7/16" wide parts use 5" wide stock,if you don't have wide stock just glue it up to the 5 1/2" min. it's no big deal it's going to be cut down in time anyway.
Now make your cope cut on the end of the 5" wide stock on both ends.
Now put the other cutter in the router table and use the stop block you put in place to set the bit up to the fence.
Now make the bead cut on all the parts to the frame, once you have that done now rip the stock to size ( 2 7/16" wide ) by using wider stock the rip job will take off any rip out if you have any on the ends.
You should have all parts to the door frame after the rip job on the table saw...
Note don't remove your stop block until you have all the doors frames made, make one extra door frame just in case you have a error with one of the parts..
Note you can use the cope cut to set the bead cutter up for the right height..just side it up the bead cutter and adjust it just a little bit if needed..


Originally Posted by cell guy View Post
I have a Freud rail and stile router bit set and am having trouble setting it up. Any tips for a novice?

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post #5 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-07-2010, 11:35 PM
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Greetings and welcome to the router forum. Thank you for joining us.

Wisdom: Where experience and knowledge combine and become one.

"We are all one decision away from Stupid!!"

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"How often we sacrifice the permanent plans of God on the altar of immediate solutions"

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post #6 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-08-2010, 02:01 AM
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Hello Bryan, and welcome to the forums. Glad to have you join us.

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In woodworking there is no scrap, only firewood.

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post #7 of 7 (permalink) Old 02-09-2010, 04:07 PM Thread Starter
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I found the definitive setup guide video on the freud.ca sit. Here is the link.
I can't post the URL yet but it is on freud.ca and serach for videos. It is very helpful.
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