+1 . Stick has suggested the best way to do this. It requires multiple bits and several passes, but the rabbet could also be cut on a table saw with a dado blade. I've made many cabinets with door edges like this, including many in my own house.
To get the bits set just right, use scrap wood and make test cuts until the shape of the cut perfectly matches the profile that you are looking for. This is especially true with the thumbnail bit. You can sometimes match the curve on older doors using just part of a large radius rounding bit instead of the thumbnail bit, but for new work that doesn't have to match old work, I think the thumbnail bit makes a nicer edge curve. Once the bit position produces just the right curve on the scrap, then cut the edges of your doors.
Central North Carolina