How to identify wood species: - Page 2 - Router Forums
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post #11 of 12 (permalink) Old 12-02-2008, 09:28 PM
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Start with that collecting set and you will be an expert in no time.

Or you can just look up the wood you think it may be to start and then compare the end grain.

If you have no clue, yes start with the color, then grain etc.

Always start with the most standard woods in the US. Maple, White Oak, Red Oak, American Cherry, the pines, Walnut, the firs, etc and run through all the end grain pictures of those more common woods trying to match what you have. Color will elimnate 50% tp start.

If the sample is from a home here in the US 90% of the time it is one of the ten most popular woods in the US.

After that I would check the 5 most common exotics first, Jatoba, Bubinga, Santos Mahogany, Teak, Royal Mahogany, Sipo, etc. checking the end grain pictures against what you have.

If you can not match to the most common woods that is great! You have a good sample!

I collect wood becasue it is fun and wood is fantastic. Ever see bluw wood? jet balck ebony or super White Holly. Its fun to get wioods fromn all over the world.

You should really get the first Hoadly book (identifying woods)from the library or purchase it and after a chapter or two you will know how to proceed. He lays out a step by step procedure on how to identify in a simple way.

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post #12 of 12 (permalink) Old 12-04-2008, 12:28 PM Thread Starter
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Default Learning attempt #1

Nick. Could you comment please. This is a pretty weak attempt but it is the best I can think of for the moment. I took these pictures with my digital camera looking through a 10x loup so the photography is less than stellar.

I'm preparing a step by step summary of everything I'm doing to try to get some sort of grasp on this.

Softwoods do not have pores. Instead, you might notice resin canals. Resin canals are identified by holes that look like pores but the interior is coated with resin leaving a brown coating on the inside of the pores.

Hardwoods are defined as those woods with "pores." The pores are seen in the cross section (end grain) and can be present exclusively in the rings (ring porous), distributed accross the end grain but more prevalant in the rings (semi-ring porous) and spread pretty much throughout the end grain with little regard for rings.

Ring Porous Example

This is clearly a ring porous wood. Note that the pores are clearly visible in rings. However, what the little white flecks are between the pores, I haven't a clue.

Semi-ring porous
These two examples are frustrating. They appear to be semi-ring porous but they are more difused than what I would think semi-ring porous should look. Nick, please clarify.

This is the second image, again, semi-ring porous.

Ok, where do I go from here?

Last edited by allthunbs; 01-22-2009 at 04:04 AM.
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