The smartest thing that I ever did was to build a separate shop detached from the house. I had a basement shop in my former house and I was forever getting into trouble from bringing sawdust into the upstairs on my clothing, shoes, etc. but even though I collected the dust as I created it, some also mixed with the air and got upstairs, settling on the furniture, etc. When we moved, I vowed to never have a shop inside the house again, and most of my shop remained in boxes for 2 years while we settled into the new house. Then I built a separate shop building, and moved my shop into it. My only regret here is that I didn't make it larger.
My shop has a dust collector with cyclonic separator and it's exhaust is vented to the outdoors 14' above the ground, so even the tiniest particles of dust never get back into the shop, once collected. It works very well for all of my finer sawdust sources, but isn't adequate for my planer, jointer, or table saw. I plane my wood outside the shop, collecting the chips in a 60 gallon barrel. The table saw is a Unisaw, so it collects most of the sawdust in it's base and I shovel it out several times per year. The jointer drops it's chips down a chute into a small plastic trash can that gets dumped often. It's not the best control for my sawdust, but at least the finer dangerous sawdust is kept to a very minimum. I use a heat pump for heating and cooling the shop, and I keep a high quality pleated furnace filter on it's air intake, so it does double duty as my shop air cleaner too, which is great because I need a way to collect the finer sawdust that escapes my table saw and jointer or any other sawdust that leaks out of my other tools and into my shop air.
Whenever I leave my shop I always blow myself off with compressed air, but being in the shop when I do this causes some sawdust to remain on my shoes, but by the time that I reach the house 150' away and have stamped my feet a few times on the way, I bring so little sawdust with me that she never complains about it any more.
There are other benefits to a separate shop. You get to work undisturbed for much longer. If really needed, they can reach you by cell phone or intercom, which you can answer when you have turned the machine off. I have a sign on the windowed entrance door warning not to enter if a power tool is running, so no surprises or change of attention resulting in safety issues either. They can look in and watch through the door window, and then enter when I turn the machine off.
If you absolutely must build your shop in a basement, do your best to isolate it from the heating and air conditioning system in your house, and do your best to come up with an air lock kind of method to keep the sawdust in the shop and out of the rest of the house to keep family harmony high. A good shop dust collector that filters out the micron and sub micron sized dust is a significant but expensive step in this direction.
Central North Carolina
Last edited by CharleyL; 10-24-2019 at 09:45 AM.